Questions and Answers of
Canadian Citizenship Test
Questions about Canada
1. Who are the Aboriginal
peoples of Canada?
The original inhabitants of Canada. Thought to have come
across a landbridge at the Behring straits. Commonly known as the First Nations
2. What are the three main
groups of Aboriginal peoples?
According to the Government they
3. In which parts of Canada
did the Aboriginal peoples first live?
Depending on the
viewpoint it was either in the Northern Territories or right across the Southern
portion of Canada.
4. What did the Aboriginal
peoples living in your region depend on for survival?
Hunting, farming and trading
5. From whom are the Métis
They are of mixed blood. Mainly Native, French and
6. In what industry did the
Métis first work with European settlers?
Fur Trading and trapping
7. Which group of
Aboriginal peoples make up more than half the population of the Northwest
Territories and Nunavut?
8. Why are the Aboriginal
peoples of Canada working toward self-government?
To keep their unique
cultures and languages alive and to regain control over decisions that affect
9. Where did the first
European settlers in Canada come from?
The first settlement was a Viking one around 1012
10. Why did the early
explorers first come to Atlantic Canada?
To fish and trade with the Native people.
11. Who are the Acadian
They were the first French
12. What three industries
helped the early settlers build communities in the Atlantic region?
Farming, Fishing and Shipbuilding
13. Who were the United
People of all races and creed who fled the United
States after the American Revolution.
14. When did the United
Empire Loyalists come to Canada?
1775 to 1783 and later
15. When did settlers from
France first establish communities on the St. Lawrence River?
In the early 1600’s
16. In which type of
industry did most early European settlers work?
Fishing and trading
17. Which trade spread
across Canada, making it important to the economy for over 300 years?
The Fur Trade
18. What form of
transportation did Aboriginal peoples and fur traders use to create trading
networks in North America?
19. How long did the
Hudson’s Bay Company control the northern lands?
300 years (1600’s to the
20. What important trade
did the Hudson’s Bay Company control?
The Fur Trade
21. When did thousands of
miners first come to the Yukon?
During the Gold Rush in the late
22. What did the government
do to make immigration to western Canada much easier?
Built a Railway and offered cheap land
23. Which group of people
were important in the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway?
Apparently only the Chinese.
24. When was the Canadian
Pacific Railway finished?
November 7th 1885 the last spike of the CPR was
driven home by Donald Smith at Craigellachie
25. What did the federal
government do to encourage people to settle in the Prairie provinces during the
Offered land at cheap prices
26. What does Confederation
A joining together of seperate nations in an equal
partnership as a new country
27. What is the Canadian
system of laws and conventions by which the country governs
28. In what year did Canada
become a country?
29. Which document made
The British North American act of 1867
30. Which document first
defined the responsibilities of the federal and provincial
The British North American Act
31. When did the British
North America Act come into effect?
32Why is the British North
America Act important in Canadian history?
Technically it was the document that created
33. Which four provinces
first formed the Confederation?
34. List each province and
territory and tell when each one joined the Confederation.
35. Which was the last
province to join Canada?
36. When is Canada Day and
what does it celebrate?
1st It is the anniversary of Confederation
37. Who was the first prime
minister of Canada?
Sir. John A MacDonald
38. Why is the Constitution
Act of 1982 important in Canadian history?
In 1982, the new
Constitution Act allowed Canadians to change the
Constitution without asking the British government’s approval. This is the year
when the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms became
part of the Canadian Constitution.
39. What part of the
Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of all
The Canadian Charter of Rights and
40. When did the Canadian
Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the Canadian Constitution?
41. Name two fundamental
freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and
such as freedom of thought, freedom of speech, and freedom of
42. Name three legal rights
protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
such as the right to vote;
Legal rights, such
as the right to a fair trial;
such as the right to protection against discrimination;
such as the right to live and work anywhere in Canada;
43. List four rights
Canadian citizens have.
Be a candidate in
federal, provincial and territorial elections;
Be educated in
either official language;
Apply for a
Vote in federal,
provincial and territorial elections; and
Enter and leave
44. List three ways in
which you can protect the environment.
Throw waste paper or
other garbage in designated public garbage containers. Recycle and re-use
as many products as possible, such as paper, glass and cans. Walk,
join a car pool, or use a bicycle or public transit whenever possible. Get
involved with a local group to protect our natural and cultural
45. Who has the right to
apply for a Canadian passport?
Any Canadian citizen
46. Who has the right to
enter and leave Canada at will?
Any Canadian Citizen
47. Who has the right to be
considered first for a job in the federal government?
48. What does equality
under the law mean?
All men will be treated equally
49. What does “mobility rights”
The right to live and work anywhere in Canada
50. Name six
responsibilities of citizenship.
Vote in elections;
Help others in the
Care for and
protect our heritage and environment;
freely while respecting the rights and freedoms of others; and
discrimination and injustice.
51. Give an example of how
you can care for Canada’s natural heritage.
community group such as an environmental group
52. What will you promise
when you take the Oath of Citizenship?
That you will be
faithfull and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth the Second,
Queen of Canada, Her Heirs and Successors, and that you will faithfully observe
the laws of Canada and fulfil your duties as a Canadian Citizen
53. Explain how a
citizenship right can also be seen as a citizenship responsibility — for
example, the right to vote.
54. Give an example of how
you can show responsibility by participating in your community.
to work on an election campaign for a candidate of your choice.
with others to solve problems in your community.
a candidate in an election
55. Which legal document
recognizes the cultural diversity of Canadians?
The Canadian Charter of Rights and
56. What are the two
official languages of Canada?
English and French
57. Which legal documents
protect the rights of Canadians with regard to official languages?
The Canadian Constitution and the Official
58. Give an example of
where English and French have equal status in Canada.
English and French have
equal status in the Parliament of Canada, in federal courts and in all federal
59. Where do most
French-speaking Canadians live?
Quebec (followed by Ontario)
60. Which province has the
most bilingual Canadians?
61. Which province is the
only officially bilingual province?
62. What does the Canadian
flag look like?
A rectangle with three
equal vertical bars. The two outside bars are red and the inside one is white.
In the white (inside) bar there is a red maple leaf
63. What song is Canada’s
64. Give the first two
lines of Canada’s national anthem.
and native land!
65. Where does the name
“Canada” come from?
In 1535, two Indian youths used the Huron-Iroquois word
“kanata,” which means “village” or “settlement,” to tell Jacques Cartier the way
to Stadacona (site of present-day Québec City). Cartier used “Canada” to refer
not only to Stadacona, but also to the entire area subject to Donnacona, Chief
at Stadacona. By 1547, the first world map to show the discoveries made on
Cartier’s second voyage applied the word “Canada” to the area north of the gulf
and river St. Lawrence. By 1550, maps were also placing the name south of the
river. The first use of “Canada” as an official name came in 1791 when the
Constitutional Act (or Canada Act)
divided Québec, then considerably larger, into the provinces of Upper Canada and
Lower Canada. In 1841, they were united to become the Province of Canada. At the
time of Confederation, the new country took the name of Canada.
66. Which animal is an
official symbol of Canada?
67. What is the tower in
the centre of the Parliament buildings called?
The Peace Tower
68. What unique art form
was developed by the First Nations people on the West Coast?
The Totem Pole
69. Why is the North sometimes
called the “Land of the Midnight Sun”?
Because of the suns
position low on the horizon during summer. Due to the tilt of the earth
the sun does not set at the high northern latitudes
70. An act of Parliament
was required to create a new territory in Canada’s North. What is the name of
the new territory?
71. What is the population
Roughly 31 million people
72. What three oceans
border on Canada?
73. How many provinces and
territories are there in Canada?
74. What is the capital
city of Canada?
75. Name all the provinces
and territories and their capital cities.
76. Name the five regions
77. What are the provinces
of Central Canada?
78. What are the provinces
of the Atlantic Region?
79. What are the Prairie
80. What are the
territories of northern Canada?
81. Name one province that
is on the Atlantic coast of Canada.
82. Name a province on the
Pacific coast of Canada.
83. Which region covers
more than one-third of Canada?
The Northern Region
84. Where do more than half
the people in Canada live?
In the Southern part of Canada. It is claimed that
most Canadians live within 100km of the border
85. One-third of all
Canadians live in which province?
86. What is the Canadian
The land in northern
Quebec and Ontario is part of the Canadian Shield, a rock
formation that is
millions of years old. Canada is one of the world’s leading producers of
minerals because of the rich deposits of gold, silver, nickel, zinc, copper and
iron ore found in the ancient rock of the Shield.
The Shield is covered by
forests, and part of Canada’s major pulp and paper industry relies on the trees
of this region. Some of the vast freshwater resources of the Shield
87. Where is the Canadian
Mainly in Ontario and Quebec
88. Where are the Canadian
On the Border between Alberta and British
89. Where are the Great
On the border between the United States and
Canada.The Great Lakes only touch the Province of Ontario
90. What are the names of
the Great Lakes?
91. Where is the St.
At the Eastern end of Lake Ontario. It joins the
St.Lawrence river to the Atlantic ocean.
92. Name two mountain
ranges in Canada.
Rocky , Columbia, Coast
93. Which territory shares
a border with another country?
Yukon Territory (borders
94. Which province is known as
the “Land of 100,000 Lakes”?
95. Which provinces are
joined to New Brunswick by land?
Quebec and Nova Scotia
96. To which ocean is
97. Which mountain range
forms a border between Alberta and British Columbia?
The Rocky Mountain range
98. Which two provinces are
closest to Prince Edward Island?
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick
99. Which province in
Canada is the smallest in land size?
Prince Edward Island
100. Where are the
Parliament buildings located?
101. Which country borders
Canada on the south?
United States of America
102. What are the three
main types of industries in Canada?
resources, manufacturing and services
103. In what sorts of jobs
do most Canadians work?
Over 70% have jobs in the service industries
104. What country is
Canada’s largest trading partner?
United States of America
105. Why are the Great
Lakes important to Canada?
As a source of trading as well as a fresh water
source for people and industries
106. Why is the St.
Lawrence Seaway important to Canada?
Ships from all over the
world reach the Great Lakes from the Atlantic Ocean by way of the St.
Lawrence Seaway. The Seaway makes it possible for ocean-going ships to travel on
the St. Lawrence River and the small rivers between the Great Lakes.
107. Why is the Canadian
Shield important to Canada’s economy?
The rich mineral deposits and the vast forest
108. List four important
minerals found in the Canadian Shield.
silver, nickel, zinc, copper and iron ore
109. Which province is one
of the most productive agricultural regions in the world?
110. Which region is known
as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada?
111. Which region of Canada
is known for both its fertile agricultural land and valuable energy resources?
The Prairie Region
112. Which two provinces
produce more than three-quarters of Canadian manufactured goods?
Ontario and Quebec
113. Which province is the
biggest producer of metals in Canada?
114. Which province is
Canada’s main producer of pulp and paper?
115. Which province has the
largest dairy farming industry in Canada?
116. Which province has the
most valuable forest industry in Canada?
117. Which province is
Canada’s major producer of oil and gas?
118. Which province is
Canada’s leading wheat producer?
119. Which province is
Canada’s largest producer of hydroelectricity?
120. Which two fuels
provide about one-half of all the energy used in Canada?
Oil and Natural Gas
121. Which products from
southern Ontario are among Canada’s key exports?
Products from the auto industry
122. Name three minerals
still being mined in the territories today.
Gold, Lead and Zinc
123. Which city provides
important shipping and air links between Canada and other countries across the
124. What products are
produced in the Niagara Peninsula?
Fruit and Wine
125. More than half of
Canada’s aeronautics and space industries are located in which province?
126. For what is the
Okanagan Valley famous?
Fruit Orchards (but try the Wine)
127. What fish is a
valuable industry on the West Coast?
128. Who is Canada’s Head
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
129. Who is the Queen’s
representative in Canada?
The Governor General
130. What is the name of
the Governor General?
131. What do you call the
Queen’s representative in the provinces and territories?
132. What is Canada’s
system of government called?
133. What are the three
parts of Parliament?
The House of Commons
134. What are the three
levels of government in Canada?
Provincial (or Territorial)
Municipal (or Local)
135. Explain how the three
levels of government are different.
In general, the
federal government takes major responsibility for matters that affect all of
Canada. These include national defence, foreign policy and
territorial governments look after such matters as education, health
care and highways. They
share responsibilities with the federal government in some
The municipal (or local)
governments of each city or community are responsible for matters such as
policing, firefighting, snow removal and recycling programs.
136. Name two levels of
government and explain how they are different.
look after such matters as education, health care and
highways in the province
which effects all the people who live in that Province.
The municipal (or local)
governments of each city or community are responsible for local matters which
effect only the citizens of that area.
137. Name two
responsibilities for each level of government.
government – National defence, foreign policy and citizenship.
government – education, health care and highways.
(or local) government – Policing, firefighting, snow removal,recycling
138. What do you call a law
before it is passed?
139. How does a bill become
To become law, a bill
must be approved by majorities in the House of Commons and in the Senate.
140. What is the final step
before a bill becomes a law?
majority of MPs and senators have approved a bill,the Governor General
final approval and the bill becomes law.
141. What do the initials
MP stand for in Canadian politics?
Member of Parliament
142. How are members of
Canadian citizens go to the polls to elect their
143. Who do members of
An elected MP represents
everyone who lives in his or her electoral district, even the people who did not
vote for the MP
144. What does a member of
ideas when new laws are being proposed;
about the government on your behalf
Helps you if you
need information from the government or if you have any problem
145. What is an “electoral
district is a geographical area represented by a member of the House of
146. How many electoral
districts are there in Canada?
147. In what electoral
district do you live?
148. What four requirements
must you meet in order to vote in a federal election?
A Canadian Citizen
At least 18 years old
Be on the National Register of
Have a Notice of Confirmation of Registration
149. What is a Notice of
Confirmation of Registration?
notice tells you when and where to vote
150. What is a polling
Any designated building or area where you may cast
151. What is a ballot?
A piece of paper which has the names of the
local candidates on it.
152. What is written on an
The ballot lists the
names of the candidates in your electoral district in alphabetical order.
153. What do you mark on a
federal election ballot?
in the circle beside the name of your chosen candidate
154. What does voting by
secret ballot mean?
This means that no one
can watch you vote and no one should look at your marked
155. Who has the right to
vote in federal elections?
Any Canadian Citizen over the age of 18
156. Who has the right to
run as a candidate in federal elections?
Any Canadian citizen over the age of
157. Who do Canadians vote
for in a federal election?
people in each electoral district vote for the candidate of their
158. How is the government
formed after an election?
After an election, the
party with the most elected representatives becomes the party in power. The
leader of this party becomes the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister and the
party in power run the government as long as they have the support of the
majority of the Members of Parliament (MPs), in the House of
159. How is the prime
The Prime Minister is normally the leader of the
party with the majority of votes cast
160. When does an election
have to be held according to the Constitution?
According to Canada’s
Constitution, an election must be held within five years of the last election.
161. What do political
A political party is a
group of people who share ideas about how the government should
Members of political
parties help to: decide on the party platform; choose the party leader;
choose the party’s candidates; and campaign for party candidates in
162. What does “party platform”
political parties hold meetings where they discuss their ideas and
develop plans for what they would do if their candidates were elected to form
the government. The plans they make are called the party platform.
163. Name all the federal
political parties represented in the House of Commons and their leaders.
Party – Stephan Harper
– Bill Graham
Quebecois – Gilles Duceppe
Democratic Party – Jack Layton
164. Which federal
political party is in power?
Conservative Party (see also here)
165. To which party does
your member of Parliament belong?
166. What does it mean for a
political party to “be in power”?
They have won the most “seats” in an election and
have formed the Goverment. Their brief is to manage the affairs of the country
on a daily basis.
167. What are the parties
that are not in power called?
The Opposition (parties)
168. Which party becomes
the Official Opposition?
The party with the second largest amount of MP’s.
169. What is the role of
the Opposition parties?
The role of the Opposition parties is to oppose or
try to improve government proposals.
170. Which party is the
Official Opposition at the federal level?
171. What is a political
A citizen who is seeking election to the
parliament based on a set of principles they believe in.
172. What do you call a
candidate who does not belong to a political party?
173. What is a Cabinet
Minister chooses several MPs to become Cabinet ministers. Cabinet
ministers are responsible for running the federal government
departments. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet ministers are called the Cabinet, and
they make important decisions about how to run the country. They also propose
most new laws. Their decisions can be questioned by all MPs in the House of
174. How are senators chosen?
The people who
serve in the Senate are chosen by the Prime Minister and appointed by the
175. How can a party in
power be defeated in Parliament?
At the polls or by being
out-voted in a motion If a majority of the MPs vote against a major
government decision, the party in power where he is defeated. The Prime Minister
resigns and a new election is usually held
176. What is the name of
the Prime Minister of Canada?
Harper (see also here)
177. What is the name of
your member of Parliament?
(see also here)
178. How can you contact
your member of Parliament?
Telephone, Mail, E-mail, Constituency Office, Internet.
179. Who do provincial
members of the legislative or national assemblies represent?
voters of the province or riding that they are elected to represent
180. What level of government
II. Questions about your region
181. When did settlers from
Europe first come to your region?
182. Who were the first
settlers in the area where you live?
United Empire Loyalists
183. Why did the early
Europeans come to your region in the 1600s, 1700s, 1800s or early
To escape the American Revolution
184. What is the capital
city of the province or territory in which you live?
185. What are the major
industries of your city, province and region today?
Mining – Nickel, gold, silver, platinum,
uranium, zinc and copper
The automobile industry
The Forestry industry
Technology (computer based)
186. What is the most
valuable manufacturing industry in your region today?
The Automobile industry
187. List three minerals
found in your region.
Gold, zinc, nickel, copper
188. List three natural
resources important to your region’s economy today.
189. List the activities
that are important to the tourism industry in your region.
190. What has always been
important to the economy in your region?
An abundance of water
191. Who is your city
councillor, alderperson, reeve or regional councillor?
24, City Councillor – (see here)
192. What is the name of
193. What is the name of
your provincial representative (member of the Legislative Assembly, member of
the provincial Parliament, member of the National Assembly or member of the
House of Assembly)?
194. What is the name of
the premier of your province?
195. Which political party
is in power in your province or territory?
196. What is the name of
the leader of the Opposition in your province?
197. What is the name of
your lieutenant-governor or commissioner?
be asked questions similar to these when you undergo your citizenship