Canada is looking for hands to work.
In 2018, Canada intends to issue residence visas of 310,000 new residents, in 2019 – the limit will be increased to 330 thousand, and then in 2020 – to 340 thousand, which equals 1 percent. the population of the country. Advisors of the Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau proposed limits even higher than acceptable, reaching 450,000. people in 2021
Canada is looking for hands to work and The government in Ottawa has so far set one-year plans for immigration, for years it has been about 250,000. people a year. However, now, as was emphasized in the communication, after consultation with the provincial governments and business communities, it was decided to prepare a multi-annual plan to make it easier for institutions serving immigrants to prepare measures and a plan of action.
The government does not hide that the basis for the decision on increased immigration limits is primarily the economic and demographic situation. At a press conference on Wednesday in Toronto, the Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Ahmed Hussen spoke about an aging society. “Five million Canadians will retire by 2035 and we have fewer people in the labor market to support seniors and retirees,” said Hussen. The government assumes that immigrants will contribute to the economic development of the country. From the three-year limit of one million new immigrants, about 565 thousand. will come as part of programs for qualified employees from various industries. Approx. 265,000 people will also come as part of the family reunion, over 137 thousand. visas will be granted to refugees.
Hussen reminded that while in 1971 there were statistically 6.6 people per one retiree in the labor market, in 2012 this proportion was 1 to 4.2, and according to forecasts in 2036, it will be 1 to 2 Then, according to estimates 100 percent. Canadian population growth will come from immigration, today it is 75%.
According to statistics office Statistics Canada from last year’s census, over 7.5 million people, or 21.9 percent. residents of the country are people who were born outside of Canada. This is the highest percentage since 1921 when the census showed 22.3 percent. immigrants.
However, as Hussen said, the immigrant’s arrival in Canada is only “half the work”. “We need to be sure that people receive the tools needed to succeed when they come here” – noted the minister.
As one of the most important research centers, the Conference Board of Canada, notes, the average income of a Canadian-born Canadian is about 50,000. Canadian dollars per year, for a Canadian – an immigrant is 43 thousand. Canadian dollars a year. Income of immigrant workers decreased after 1991 when the countries of origin of immigrants changed. Since the early 1990s, more and more new Canadians have come from Asia and Africa, and “Canadian employers and labor market organizations have a problem with assessing foreign education and work experience.”
The Conference Board of Canada adds that for the successful integration of newcomers it is necessary to maintain a high standard of living of the “local population”. On the other hand, “Canada needs to identify how to improve the economic integration of newcomers”, e.g. by introducing programs supporting housing construction.
The Policy Options Institute, which was debating important social topics, indicated that Canada has so far managed to avoid the negative effects of immigration, such as declining social trust resulting from lack of communication. However, as was pointed out, immigration is not a solution to demographic problems such as the aging of society.
The opposition also draws attention to the necessity of integration. Michelle Rempel, who in the Conservative Party of Canada (CPC) deals with immigration, said that the immigration system should deal with, among others, help in achieving sufficient knowledge of the language.
Immigrants have access to free English and French lessons, but every Canadian has a history of inability to communicate with a telecommunications technician (who often comes from Asia), a builder (often Poles), or language problems in dealing with the bank’s hotline.
Problems with a good command of the official languages of Canada are becoming a problem for some industries. Jeff, a copywriter working at one of the Toronto advertising agencies, explained to PAP why Canadian ads are not very witty: “the recipient often does not know enough English, so that the advertisement goes to him, I can not use the sophisticated language”.
Whether someone qualifies for one of several dozen immigration programs can be checked initially on the pages of the Canadian Ministry of Immigration and Citizenship.